Diversification is one of the most prevalent portfolio management suggestions provided to people. Diversification may provide numerous benefits if executed correctly, but going overboard can lead to complications, greater risks, and poorer returns. Let’s look at what it means to over-diversify an investment portfolio.
What Does Portfolio Over-Diversification Mean?
Diversifying is derived from the saying “don’t put all your eggs in one basket.” Many portfolio management experts encourage their customers not to focus solely on one sort of asset. For example, you may have heard financial gurus advise you not to invest just in real estate but rather in another industry or kind of firm, such as medicine or technology. Your financial advisor may be correct in that diversification reduces the chance of loss, but only if it is not over-diversified.
Over-diversification of portfolios occurs when you invest in far too many assets, increasing the risk of your portfolio. Over-diversification occurs when the number of investments surpasses a certain threshold, such that the marginal loss of the projected return outweighs the marginal benefit of lower risk. Confused? Simply said, adding too many assets to your investment portfolio cancels out the virtues of certain investments and firms by canceling out the drawbacks of others. Over-diversification of your portfolio causes a many issue. Some of these are mentioned more below:
- Poor Investment Selection
Most over-diversified investors employ investment vehicles such as actively traded mutual funds. Actively traded mutual funds, on the other hand, tend to prioritize short-term trading above adding value to your investment. In the long run, these funds often underperform.
- You are perplexed by portfolio diversification.
To get the most out of your investments, you must read the quarterly and yearly reports of your companies. Companies also issue corporate statements on a regular basis, which may be quite important to you in terms of your investments. With work, family, and a million other things to do on a daily basis, it might be challenging to keep track of 50 different stocks on a regular basis. On the other hand, if you just have ten stocks, it would be simple to keep track of them all.
- Low investment returns
One of the most obvious risks of over-diversifying a portfolio is receiving low returns on investment. Consider the following scenario: if you buy five stocks, your portfolio is high-risk, but it also has a high chance of big returns. However, if you own 100 stocks, your portfolio risk is unquestionably low, but so is your projected rate of return.
- Over-Diversifying a Portfolio Complicates Things.
It is critical to understand what you invest in and where you invest. Adding too many assets to your investment portfolio without knowing what they are might be disastrous. It is critical to take control of your stocks and grab the wheel.
- Excessive portfolio diversification as a result of erroneous correlation
Most investors primarily consider static correlation numbers when diversifying. It is conceivable for two securities to be very linked at times and completely uncorrelated at others.
Over-Diversification Warning Signs
If you can’t decide whether your portfolio is over-diversified, look for the following signs:
- Your portfolio is over-diversified if you have multiple mutual funds under one investing type. This raises both your risk and your investment costs.
- Another indicator is having too many individual stock options. This will necessitate a continual evaluation and monitoring of your finances. Your portfolio will perform similarly to a stock index, but at a higher cost, hurting your overall earnings.
- If you possess private “non-traded” investments, you may fall victim to the dangers of over-diversification. These securities are frequently sold for their diversification benefits, but they also involve a high level of risk.
Why Do Some Advisors Opt for Excessive Diversification?
Some financial advisors may recommend over-diversification for a variety of reasons. Some people may legitimately vacillate between diversity and over-diversification. Others may do it to make more money and secure a higher standard of living for themselves. Some advisers may over-diversify in order to avoid losing customers due to poor performance. Furthermore, auto diversification devices such as target date funds have exacerbated the situation. Hence, some advisors employ third-party investment managers, which results in over-diversification. They do this because it decreases a financial advisor’s workload while improving their possibility of earning more commission from diverse assets.
Great Tips for Successful Portfolio Management
- Prioritize quality above quantity.
A solid portfolio indicates excellent assets rather than a large number of investments. A fundamental portfolio management guideline is to prioritize quality. An over-diversified portfolio gives investors the impression that they are safe from danger, whereas in reality, many diversified assets have the same risk characteristics.
- Keep things simple.
Finance may be a complex subject, and many investors struggle to comprehend the subtleties of their investments. Try not to over-diversify your portfolio based on the suggestion of a buddy. Keeping things simple is the most profitable portfolio management advice of all time. More is less! Make sure you understand which investments provide profits and which generate risk.
- Opt for optimal diversification rather than over-diversification.
It is unusual that different industries will vary at the same time. This is why investors choose to diversify in the first place. Using various equities that are not only excellent enough to reduce unsystematic risks but also good enough to capitalize on the greatest potential chances is optimal diversification.
- Maintain a local presence
Instead of investing in overseas companies, consider investing in American stocks. With such investments, you are already indirectly exposed to foreign markets. Clearly, an American corporation would pay more attention to their stocks than you would. Keeping this portfolio management advice in mind not only decreases risk, but also keeps your portfolio basic and easy to maintain.
The most crucial portfolio management advice is to recognise that no matter how well-diversified your portfolio is, it can never be completely free of risk. Over-diversification merely gives investors a false feeling of security. Over-diversifying your portfolio only complicates and creates chaotic situations. It has minimal to no impact on lowering risks or boosting returns.
Do you believe your portfolio is over-diversified? Contact financial professionals at Omura Wealth Advisers to learn how to streamline your portfolio to decrease risks and maximize rewards.